The construction industry is one of the most vital parts of the American economy. In fact, in 2019, the construction industry generated $2 trillion in revenue in the US. With so many construction projects started and completed, it’s vital to understand which types of materials are commonly used in construction projects. Below are some of the most common materials used in the construction industry.
Steel is one of the most popular materials used in the construction industry. In 2019, over half of all steel used around the world was for building and infrastructure, with mechanical equipment and the automotive sector ranking second and third. Steel is incredibly strong and provides superior durability, making it ideal for use in building construction. It’s also more fire-resistant than many other materials, allowing it to be used in high-risk areas.
Galvanized steel is often used in construction because of its ability to resist corrosion. Galvanized steel is created by applying a protective zinc coating over regular steel that helps prevent rust and other forms of corrosion.
Concrete is one of the most popular materials used in construction today. Its popularity is due to its durability, strength, and easy availability. Concrete is a combination of Portland cement, an aggregate such as gravel, sand, and water. This mixture is then poured into a form, and allowed to cure. It is versatile enough for use in foundations, walls, floors, and more.
When using concrete, it’s important to note that it isn’t fire-resistant, so it should not be used in high-risk areas.
Wood is often the material of choice for many construction projects, particularly in residential construction. It’s easy to work with, relatively inexpensive, and provides good insulation. Wood is also a renewable resource, making it an environmentally friendly option.
When building with wood it’s important to use treated lumber or pressure-treated lumber, as this will help protect the wood from decay and rot. In addition, wood can also be used in the form of engineered wood, which is a composite material made from wood fibers and adhesives.
According to Market Research Future, building and construction make up over half of the sheet metal market. Common materials used are for metal roofing, gutters, and HVAC systems. Sheet metal is very strong and lightweight, making it ideal for a variety of construction applications. It’s also extremely durable and corrosion-resistant, helping it stand up to the elements.
You can also use sheet metal for decorative purposes, such as cladding the exterior of a building or even creating artistic accents.
Brick and Masonry
Brick and masonry is one of the oldest building materials used in construction. Bricks are made from clay and fired in a kiln, while masonry is created by binding together stones or blocks. Brick and masonry are very durable materials, able to withstand the elements for centuries.
It can also be used in a variety of ways, ranging from walls and walkways to fireplaces and chimneys. Brick and masonry add a classic look to any construction project, making it a popular choice for many builds.
Glass is often used in construction projects due to its versatility and aesthetic appeal. It can be used as windows, doors, skylights, or other decorative panels. Glass is also fireproof and soundproof, making it ideal for use in residential construction. When using glass in construction it’s important to make sure that you choose tempered glass or laminated glass to ensure safety and security.
These are just a few of the most common materials used in construction today. Each material has unique qualities that make them great for specific types of projects. It’s important to research each material before you begin construction so you can choose the right material for your project. By doing this, you’ll be able to ensure that your project is built with the best materials for the job.